BASIC ELEMENTS OF EXPRESSION IN ART
The basic elements of expression in art: the dot, the line and the plane, and how to create works of art and volume with these elements.
Let's watch this presentation to get a better idea about it:
Dots, lines and planes from Noelia Calle
The elements of Visual Language
THEORY FOR THE EXAM
The elements of Visual Language
Dots, lines, shapes, texture, colours and volume
• A dot is a mark that shows the beginning of a work or the end of it.
• It is the very basic element whereby an art work or a design starts. Nothing will be done without the dots. It’s the most basic thing.
• A dot marks a point which people will look at and concentrate on.
• Dots are used to amplify perception and that does not mean only one dot; a dot in architecture can mean a central point of forms or objects near or close together.
• Dots that are aligned together create a line.
• Dots are used to create feel or texture to create form, space and texture.
• Dots are used to create tones etc.
One dot is a point, a number of dots create different elements that are important to showcase a design.Dots make shapes and forms
• A line is a combination of a series of dots that are continuous, with an exact distance in between each dot.
• LINES CAN CREATE:
1. Shapes and forms
3. Colour tones,
By using the right lines in a work, you are able to create something that has all of the elements which include the above: form, texture, tone, pattern, space and movement.
They are many materials that create lines, from pencils, ball point pens, brushes, technical pens, or even charcoal. A line shows emotions depending on the type of stroke that has been done.
v Lines that are horizontal normally reflect peacefulness, and serenity: these lines, regardless of the thickness or appearance are flat.
v Vertical lines are lines that go straight up, these lines shows strength, and stability.
v Lines with points, angles or edges show direction. It shows the focus point of the movement that should be followed. These lines are used to direct to an important space of order. It serves as a sign and movement.
v Lines that are radiating from a centre, these lines give an impression that of an energy source, light and attention. It radiates from an important centre to allow us to concentrate on the centre. It could show direction, movement and connection. It is a node and shows importance.
Gradation of tones
• Shape is the creation of when the end of a line meets the start of the same line. Shapes can be just a flat plane that is surrounded by an outer line and does not hold any mass.
• Shape is perceived as an idea of the form or how it looks.
• Shapes are composed in positive and negative ways. Positive shapes mean the shape of the object on the area it is located. Negative shapes are the shapes of the background that the object is on. Normally to emphasize on the object or area, they are usually darkened to show concentration.
• There are 2 types of shapes, Geometrical and Organic Shapes.
- Geometrical Shapes are shapes that have exact angles at every edge and they are designed to be that way, they were done with that intention. These shapes include circles, squares, triangles, and rectangles et
- Organic Shapes are shapes that do not have a proper angle at its edge and are made to be natural. They were not intended to be that way and are usually drawn with the guidance of intuition and free-handed.
A collage of cut-out shapesA collage is a technique that is very useful in the creation of compositions where visual perception is important. When we look at a collage we can see at the same time the materials used and the colours and shapes it is made up of.
Normally we define texture as the feel of the surface of an object. Texture is everywhere from every material and object whether it is man-made or natural. Texture gives a sense of individuality and quality of the material or anything that the surface is designed for.
There are 2 types of texture.
- Textures that you can touch and textures on paper which you can see but you can’t touch. Some paintings are made to be touchable and to be felt. Textures that can be felt are for example, sculptures, assemblage, collage, et
- Textures that are made to be seen are paintings and drawings.